Mathematics
What is the appropriate Math course for you?
Important questions:
 What are your plans after graduation? …study, work, travel?
 Do you have the required level of math for your intended program?
 What does your current math teacher recommend?
Selecting a Math course
Students need to complete a minimum of 2 mathematics courses at different grade levels to graduate from high school in Nova Scotia. Postsecondary institutions (universities, colleges, professional and private institutions) have different minimum requirements for entrance to their programs and requirements for the same program may vary in different institutions, therefore it is important to check the institution’s calendar or website for verification.
The following are some suggested routes through high school mathematics depending on initial competency and postsecondary plans.
Suggested routes through high school Math
Grade 10  Grade 11  Grade 12  

For students who may not have met the grade 9 mathematics outcomes and plan to pursue a postsecondary program that does not have a mathematics prerequisite:  Mathematics Essentials 10  Mathematics Essentials 11  Mathematics for the workplace 12 
For students who have met the grade 9 mathematics outcomes and plan to pursue a postsecondary program that does not have a mathematics prerequisite:  Mathematics at Work 10  Mathematics at Work 11  Mathematics at Work 12 
For students who have met the grade 9 mathematics outcomes and plan to pursue a postsecondary program that has a mathematics prerequisite of Academic Mathematics 12: ( Example: Commerce* and Nursing)  Mathematics 10 Academic (2 credits) 
Mathematics 11 Mathematics 12 

For students who have met the grade 9 mathematics outcomes and plan to take a postsecondary program that has a mathematics prerequisite of PreCalculus 12: ( Example: Science, Mathematics, Computer Science, Engineering and Commerce*) 
Public School Program: Mathematics 10 Academic (2 credits) 
Mathematics 11 PreCalculus 11 
PreCalculus 12 Calculus 12 (Optional) 
IB: Mathematics 10 PreIB (2 credits) 
IB Math Standard Level / IB Math Higher Level 
* Please note: For a university Bachelor of Commerce (Business) program, Nova Scotian universities generally only require Academic Math 12 whereas outside of Nova Scotia Precalculus Math 12 is usually required.
Important information regarding the selection of a Math course
Teacher recommendations should be sought out by current 10 and 11 students, discussed with Guidance Counsellors and matched accordingly to the prerequisites set by post secondary institutions.
Students who wish to take a higher level of math than what has been recommended are encouraged to examine the previously mentioned criteria. For example, if a student is very successful in Math at Work 10 and wants to move up to the academic stream they would accomplish Math 10, 11, and 12 academic over their grade 11 and 12 years.
Important note: Due to staffing and class size all students are expected to stay with their selected class for the duration of the course, whether runs the length of a single semester or is year long.
Courses
Grade 10  Grade 11  Grade 12  

Mathematics Essentials 10 Mathematics at Work 10 Mathematics 10 Mathematics 10 PreIB 
Mathematics Essentials 11 Mathematics at Work 11 Mathematics 11 Precalculus 11 IB Math SL/HL 
Mathematics Essentials 12 Mathematics at Work 12 Mathematics 12 Precalculus 12 Calculus 12 IB Math SL/HL 
Mathematics Essentials 10
Graduation 1 credit
This course provides students with the development of the skills and understandings required in the workplace, as well as those required for everyday life at home and in the community. Students will become better equipped to deal with mathematics in their own world and will become more confident in their mathematical abilities. Students will explore mental math, working and earning, deductions and expenses, paying taxes, making purchases, buying decisions, probability, measuring and estimating, transformation and design, and a buying a car.
Prerequisite: Grade 8 Mathematics and recommendation for the Grade 9 Mathematics teacher.
Mathematics at Work 10
Graduation 1 credit
This course provides students with the mathematical understandings and critical thinking skills identified for direct entry into the work force or for entry into programs for student that do not require academic mathematics. Students will explore measurement, area, Pythagorean theory, trigonometry, geometry, unit pricing and currency exchange, income, and basic algebra. A Nova Scotia Provincial exam is written as part of this course.
Prerequisite: Grade 9 Mathematics
Mathematics 10
Academic 2 credits
This course provides students with the academic mathematics which is a prerequisite for all other academic and advanced mathematics courses. Students should have a solid understanding of mathematics from their junior high years. Students will explore measurement systems, surface area and volume, right triangle trigonometry, exponents and radicals, polynomials, linear relations and functions, linear equations and graphs, solving systems of equations, and financial mathematics. A Nova Scotia Provincial exam is written as part of this course.
Prerequisite: Good to excellent performance in relation to the curriculum outcomes prescribed for Grade 9 Mathematics.
Mathematics 10 PreIB
Academic 2 credits
This course provides students with the academic mathematics which is a prerequisite for Standard Level or Higher Level mathematics in the IB program. It is an extension of the Mathematics10 curriculum with special attention paid to the goals of the IB program such as internationalism, critical thinking and independent thought. There will also be a focus on foundational topics for the IB program and an introduction to the IB internal assessment project.
A Nova Scotia Provincial exam is written as part of this course.
Prerequisite: Good to excellent performance in relation to the curriculum outcomes prescribed for Grade 9 Mathematics and intentions to enroll in the IB program.
Mathematics Essentials 11
Graduation 1 credit
The Mathematics Essentials pathway is designed to provide students with the development of the skills and understandings required in the workplace, as well as those required for everyday life at home and in the community. The typical pathway for students who successfully complete Mathematics Essentials 11 is Mathematics for the Workplace 12.
Students in Mathematics Essentials 11 will explore the following topics: mental mathematics; collecting, organizing and graphing data; borrowing money; renting or buying; household budgets; investing money’ measuring; and 2D and 3D design, mathematics in content areas such as science and social studies.
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Mathematics Essentials 10 or Mathematics at Work 10.
Mathematics Essentials 11 is designed for students who either do not intend to pursue postsecondary study or plan to enter postsecondary programs that do not have any mathematics prerequisites.
Mathematics at Work 11
Graduation 1 credit
Mathematics at Work 11 demonstrates the application and importance of key mathematical skills. The typical pathway for students who successfully complete Mathematics at Work 11 is Mathematics at Work 12. (The Mathematics at Work pathway is designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and criticalthinking skills identified for direct entry into the work force or for entry into programs of study that do not require academic mathematics.) Some students who successfully complete Mathematics at Work 11 may choose to take Mathematics for the Workplace 12. Students in Mathematics at Work 11 will explore the following topics: Measurement systems, volume, 2D and 3D geometry, scale, exploded diagrams, numerical reasoning, personal budgets, compound interest, financial institution services..
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Mathematics at Work 10 or Mathematics 10.
Mathematics 11
Academic 1 credit
Students who select Mathematics 11 should have a solid understanding of the Mathematics 10 curriculum. Mathematics 11 is a prerequisite for Precalculus 11. These courses are to be taken consecutively, not concurrently. There are two typical pathways for students who successfully complete Mathematics 11:
 Students intending to pursue the academic pathway, will follow Mathematics 11 with Mathematics 12. (Mathematics 11 and Mathematics 12 are designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and criticalthinking skills identified for postsecondary studies in programs that require an academic or Precalculus mathematics credit).
 Students intending to pursue the advanced pathway will follow Mathematics 11 with Precalculus 11, and then Precalculus 12.
Alternatively, students who successfully complete Mathematics 11 may choose to select a graduation level course in grade 12.
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Mathematics 10
Precalculus 11
Advanced 1.0 Credit
This course will be presented as a 110hour course. Precalculus 11 is an advanced high school mathematics course. Students who select Precalculus 11 should have a solid understanding of the Mathematics 11 curriculum. Precalculus 11 is a prerequisite for Precalculus 12. These courses are to be taken consecutively, not concurrently. The typical pathway for students who successfully complete Precalculus 11 is Precalculus 12. (Courses in the Precalculus pathway are designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and criticalthinking skills identified for postsecondary studies in programs that require the study of theoretical calculus.)
Some students who successfully complete Precalculus 11 may choose to take Mathematics 12.
Alternatively, students who successfully complete Precalculus 11 may choose to select a graduation credit in grade 12.
Students in Precalculus 11 will explore the following topics: • absolute value, radical expressions and equations, rational expressions and equations, angles in standard position, analyze and solve quadratic equations, linear and quadratic equations and inequalities in two variables, arithmetic and geometric sequences, and reciprocals of linear and quadratic functions.
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Mathematics 11.
Mathematics Essentials 12
Graduation 1.0 Credit
(formerly called Mathematics for the Workplace)
This course will be presented as a 110hour course.
The Mathematics Essentials pathway is designed to provide students with the development of the skills and understandings required in the workplace, as well as those required for everyday life at home and in the community. Students will become better equipped to deal with mathematics in their everyday life and will become more confident in their mathematical abilities.
Mathematics Essentials 12 is designed for students who either do not intend to pursue postsecondary study, or plan to enter postsecondary programs that do not have any mathematics prerequisites. The content of this course will help students work toward improving the mathematical knowledge base needed for work directly related to the trades. This course will be modular based and project oriented.
Students in Mathematics Essential 12 will do the following modules:
 Module 1: Measurement
 Module 2: Miniproject: Mathematics and Career Exploration
 Module 3: Ratio, Rate, and Proportion
 Module 4: Major Project: Math Preparation for the Workplace
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Mathematics Essentials 11 or Mathematics at Work 11.
The prerequisite for Mathematics Essentials 12 must be taken and successfully completed prior to starting Mathematics Essentials 12.
Therefore, these courses are to be taken consecutively, not concurrently, and the order may not be reversed.
Mathematics at Work 12
Graduation 1 credit
This course will be presented as a 110hour course.
The Mathematics at Work pathway is designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and criticalthinking skills identified for direct entry into the work force or for entry into programs of study that do not require academic mathematics. Mathematics at Work 12 is the third course in this pathway.
Students in Mathematics at Work 12 will study the following topics:
 measurement and probability
 measures of central tendency
 scatterplots
 linear relationships
 owning and operating a vehicle
 properties of polygons
 transformations
 trigonometry
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Mathematics at Work 11 or Mathematics 11.
The prerequisite for Mathematics at Work 12 must be taken and successfully completed prior to starting Mathematics at Work 12.
Therefore, these courses are to be taken consecutively, not concurrently, and the order may not be reversed.
Mathematics 12
Academic 1 credit
This course will be presented as a 110hour course.
The Mathematics pathway is designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and criticalthinking skills identified for postsecondary studies in programs that do not require the study of theoretical calculus. Mathematics 12 is the third course in this pathway.
Students who select Mathematics 12 should have a solid understanding of the Mathematics 11 curriculum.
Students in Mathematics 12 will study the following topics:
 borrowing money
 investing money
 set theory
 logical reasoning
 counting methods
 probability
 polynomial functions
 exponential and logarithmic functions
 sinusoidal functions
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Mathematics 11 or Precalculus 11.
The prerequisite for Mathematics 12 must be taken and successfully completed prior to starting Mathematics 12.
Therefore, these courses are to be taken consecutively, not concurrently, and the order may not be reversed.
Precalculus 12
Advanced 1 credit
This course will be presented as a 110hour course.
The Precalculus pathway is designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and criticalthinking skills identified for postsecondary studies in programs that require the study of theoretical calculus.
Students who select Precalculus 12 should have a solid understanding of the Precalculus 11 curriculum.
Students in Precalculus 12 will study the following topics:
 transformations
 trigonometry
 radical functions
 polynomial functions
 exponential and logarithmic functions
 rational functions
 function operations
 permutations, combinations and the binomial theorem
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Precalculus 11.
Precalculus 11 must be taken and successfully completed prior to starting Precalculus 12.
Therefore, these courses are to be taken consecutively, not concurrently, and the order may not be reversed.
Calculus 12
Advanced 1.0 Credit
This course is designed for students who wish to build a deeper foundation in calculus (beyond that given in PreCalculus Mathematics 12). The concepts of a limit, derivative, definite integral and indefinite integral will be developed numerically, verbally, graphically and algebraically using applications. Students will examine the fundamental properties of derivatives and explore derivatives of polynomial, rational, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. The use of area under the curve to approximate distance (as a product of time and variable speed) will evolve into the study of The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. Applications will include displacement, velocity, acceleration, exponential and logistic population growth, area between curves, volumes of solids, length of curves and surface area. Throughout the course, the development of and connections between concepts will be emphasized through multiple representations and realworld contextual situations.
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Precalculus