Mathematics

What is the appropriate Math course for you?

Important questions:

  • What are your plans after graduation? …study, work, travel?
  • Do you have the required level of math for your intended program?
  • What does your current math teacher recommend?

Selecting a Math course

Students need to complete a minimum of 2 mathematics courses at different grade levels to graduate from high school in Nova Scotia. Post-secondary institutions (universities, colleges, professional and private institutions) have different minimum requirements for entrance to their programs and requirements for the same program may vary in different institutions, therefore it is important to check the institution’s calendar or website for verification.

The following are some suggested routes through high school mathematics depending on initial competency and post-secondary plans.

Suggested routes through high school Math

Grade 10 Grade 11 Grade 12
For students who may not have met the grade 9 mathematics outcomes and plan to pursue a post-secondary program that does not have a mathematics pre-requisite: Mathematics Essentials 10 Mathematics Essentials 11 Mathematics for the workplace 12
For students who have met the grade 9 mathematics outcomes and plan to pursue a post-secondary program that does not have a mathematics pre-requisite: Mathematics at Work 10 Mathematics at Work 11 Mathematics at Work 12
For students who have met the grade 9 mathematics outcomes and plan to pursue a post-secondary program that has a mathematics pre-requisite of Academic Mathematics 12: ( Example: Commerce* and Nursing) Mathematics 10 Academic (2 credits) Mathematics 11
Mathematics 12
For students who have met the grade 9 mathematics outcomes and plan to take a post-secondary program that has a mathematics pre-requisite of Pre-Calculus 12: ( Example: Science, Mathematics, Computer Science, Engineering and Commerce*) Public School Program:
Mathematics 10 Academic (2 credits)
Mathematics 11
Pre-Calculus 11
Pre-Calculus 12
Calculus 12 (Optional)
IB:
Mathematics 10 Pre-IB (2 credits)
IB Math Standard Level / IB Math Higher Level

* Please note: For a university Bachelor of Commerce (Business) program, Nova Scotian universities generally only require Academic Math 12 whereas outside of Nova Scotia Pre-calculus Math 12 is usually required.

Important information regarding the selection of a Math course

Teacher recommendations should be sought out by current 10 and 11 students, discussed with Guidance Counsellors and matched accordingly to the pre-requisites set by post- secondary institutions.
Students who wish to take a higher level of math than what has been recommended are encouraged to examine the previously mentioned criteria. For example, if a student is very successful in Math at Work 10 and wants to move up to the academic stream they would accomplish Math 10, 11, and 12 academic over their grade 11 and 12 years.
Important note: Due to staffing and class size all students are expected to stay with their selected class for the duration of the course, whether runs the length of a single semester or is year- long.

Courses

Grade 10 Grade 11 Grade 12
Mathematics Essentials 10
Mathematics at Work 10
Mathematics 10
Mathematics 10 Pre-IB
Mathematics Essentials 11
Mathematics at Work 11
Mathematics 11
Pre-calculus 11
IB Math SL/HL
Mathematics Essentials 12
Mathematics at Work 12
Mathematics 12
Pre-calculus 12
Calculus 12
IB Math SL/HL

Mathematics Essentials 10

Graduation 1 credit

This course provides students with the development of the skills and understandings required in the workplace, as well as those required for everyday life at home and in the community. Students will become better equipped to deal with mathematics in their own world and will become more confident in their mathematical abilities. Students will explore mental math, working and earning, deductions and expenses, paying taxes, making purchases, buying decisions, probability, measuring and estimating, transformation and design, and a buying a car.

Prerequisite: Grade 8 Mathematics and recommendation for the Grade 9 Mathematics teacher.

Mathematics at Work 10

Graduation 1 credit

This course provides students with the mathematical understandings and critical thinking skills identified for direct entry into the work force or for entry into programs for student that do not require academic mathematics. Students will explore measurement, area, Pythagorean theory, trigonometry, geometry, unit pricing and currency exchange, income, and basic algebra. A Nova Scotia Provincial exam is written as part of this course.

Prerequisite: Grade 9 Mathematics

Mathematics 10

Academic 2 credits

This course provides students with the academic mathematics which is a pre-requisite for all other academic and advanced mathematics courses. Students should have a solid understanding of mathematics from their junior high years. Students will explore measurement systems, surface area and volume, right triangle trigonometry, exponents and radicals, polynomials, linear relations and functions, linear equations and graphs, solving systems of equations, and financial mathematics. A Nova Scotia Provincial exam is written as part of this course.

Prerequisite: Good to excellent performance in relation to the curriculum outcomes prescribed for Grade 9 Mathematics.

Mathematics 10 Pre-IB

Academic 2 credits

This course provides students with the academic mathematics which is a pre-requisite for Standard Level or Higher Level mathematics in the IB program. It is an extension of the Mathematics10 curriculum with special attention paid to the goals of the IB program such as internationalism, critical thinking and independent thought. There will also be a focus on foundational topics for the IB program and an introduction to the IB internal assessment project.

A Nova Scotia Provincial exam is written as part of this course.
Prerequisite: Good to excellent performance in relation to the curriculum outcomes prescribed for Grade 9 Mathematics and intentions to enroll in the IB program.

Mathematics Essentials 11

Graduation 1 credit

The Mathematics Essentials pathway is designed to provide students with the development of the skills and understandings required in the workplace, as well as those required for everyday life at home and in the community. The typical pathway for students who successfully complete Mathematics Essentials 11 is Mathematics for the Workplace 12.
Students in Mathematics Essentials 11 will explore the following topics: mental mathematics; collecting, organizing and graphing data; borrowing money; renting or buying; household budgets; investing money’ measuring; and 2-D and 3-D design, mathematics in content areas such as science and social studies.

Prerequisite: Successful completion of Mathematics Essentials 10 or Mathematics at Work 10.
Mathematics Essentials 11 is designed for students who either do not intend to pursue post-secondary study or plan to enter post-secondary programs that do not have any mathematics pre-requisites.

Mathematics at Work 11

Graduation 1 credit

Mathematics at Work 11 demonstrates the application and importance of key mathematical skills. The typical pathway for students who successfully complete Mathematics at Work 11 is Mathematics at Work 12. (The Mathematics at Work pathway is designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and criticalthinking skills identified for direct entry into the work force or for entry into programs of study that do not require academic mathematics.) Some students who successfully complete Mathematics at Work 11 may choose to take Mathematics for the Workplace 12. Students in Mathematics at Work 11 will explore the following topics: Measurement systems, volume, 2-D and 3-D geometry, scale, exploded diagrams, numerical reasoning, personal budgets, compound interest, financial institution services..

Prerequisite: Successful completion of Mathematics at Work 10 or Mathematics 10.

Mathematics 11

Academic 1 credit

Students who select Mathematics 11 should have a solid understanding of the Mathematics 10 curriculum. Mathematics 11 is a prerequisite for Pre-calculus 11. These courses are to be taken consecutively, not concurrently. There are two typical pathways for students who successfully complete Mathematics 11:

  • Students intending to pursue the academic pathway, will follow Mathematics 11 with Mathematics 12. (Mathematics 11 and Mathematics 12 are designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical-thinking skills identified for post-secondary studies in programs that require an academic or Pre-calculus mathematics credit).
  • Students intending to pursue the advanced pathway will follow Mathematics 11 with Pre-calculus 11, and then Precalculus 12.

Alternatively, students who successfully complete Mathematics 11 may choose to select a graduation level course in grade 12.

Prerequisite: Successful completion of Mathematics 10

Pre-calculus 11

Advanced 1.0 Credit

This course will be presented as a 110-hour course. Pre-calculus 11 is an advanced high school mathematics course. Students who select Pre-calculus 11 should have a solid understanding of the Mathematics 11 curriculum. Pre-calculus 11 is a prerequisite for Pre-calculus 12. These courses are to be taken consecutively, not concurrently. The typical pathway for students who successfully complete Pre-calculus 11 is Pre-calculus 12. (Courses in the Precalculus pathway are designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical-thinking skills identified for post-secondary studies in programs that require the study of theoretical calculus.)
Some students who successfully complete Pre-calculus 11 may choose to take Mathematics 12.
Alternatively, students who successfully complete Precalculus 11 may choose to select a graduation credit in grade 12.
Students in Pre-calculus 11 will explore the following topics: • absolute value, radical expressions and equations, rational expressions and equations, angles in standard position, analyze and solve quadratic equations, linear and quadratic equations and inequalities in two variables, arithmetic and geometric sequences, and reciprocals of linear and quadratic functions.

Prerequisite: Successful completion of Mathematics 11.

Mathematics Essentials 12

Graduation 1.0 Credit

(formerly called Mathematics for the Workplace)
This course will be presented as a 110-hour course.

The Mathematics Essentials pathway is designed to provide students with the development of the skills and understandings required in the workplace, as well as those required for everyday life at home and in the community. Students will become better equipped to deal with mathematics in their everyday life and will become more confident in their mathematical abilities.

Mathematics Essentials 12 is designed for students who either do not intend to pursue post-secondary study, or plan to enter post-secondary programs that do not have any mathematics pre-requisites. The content of this course will help students work toward improving the mathematical knowledge base needed for work directly related to the trades. This course will be modular based and project oriented.

Students in Mathematics Essential 12 will do the following modules:

  • Module 1: Measurement
  • Module 2: Mini-project: Mathematics and Career Exploration
  • Module 3: Ratio, Rate, and Proportion
  • Module 4: Major Project: Math Preparation for the Workplace

Prerequisite: Successful completion of Mathematics Essentials 11 or Mathematics at Work 11.
The prerequisite for Mathematics Essentials 12 must be taken and successfully completed prior to starting Mathematics Essentials 12.
Therefore, these courses are to be taken consecutively, not concurrently, and the order may not be reversed.

Mathematics at Work 12

Graduation 1 credit

This course will be presented as a 110-hour course.

The Mathematics at Work pathway is designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and criticalthinking skills identified for direct entry into the work force or for entry into programs of study that do not require academic mathematics. Mathematics at Work 12 is the third course in this pathway.

Students in Mathematics at Work 12 will study the following topics:

  • measurement and probability
  • measures of central tendency
  • scatterplots
  • linear relationships
  • owning and operating a vehicle
  • properties of polygons
  • transformations
  • trigonometry

Prerequisite: Successful completion of Mathematics at Work 11 or Mathematics 11.
The prerequisite for Mathematics at Work 12 must be taken and successfully completed prior to starting Mathematics at Work 12.
Therefore, these courses are to be taken consecutively, not concurrently, and the order may not be reversed.

Mathematics 12

Academic 1 credit

This course will be presented as a 110-hour course.

The Mathematics pathway is designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical-thinking skills identified for post-secondary studies in programs that do not require the study of theoretical calculus. Mathematics 12 is the third course in this pathway.

Students who select Mathematics 12 should have a solid understanding of the Mathematics 11 curriculum.

Students in Mathematics 12 will study the following topics:

  • borrowing money
  • investing money
  • set theory
  • logical reasoning
  • counting methods
  • probability
  • polynomial functions
  • exponential and logarithmic functions
  • sinusoidal functions

Prerequisite: Successful completion of Mathematics 11 or Pre-calculus 11.
The prerequisite for Mathematics 12 must be taken and successfully completed prior to starting Mathematics 12.
Therefore, these courses are to be taken consecutively, not concurrently, and the order may not be reversed.

Pre-calculus 12

Advanced 1 credit

This course will be presented as a 110-hour course.

The Pre-calculus pathway is designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings and critical-thinking skills identified for postsecondary studies in programs that require the study of theoretical calculus.
Students who select Pre-calculus 12 should have a solid understanding of the Pre-calculus 11 curriculum.

Students in Pre-calculus 12 will study the following topics:

  • transformations
  • trigonometry
  • radical functions
  • polynomial functions
  • exponential and logarithmic functions
  • rational functions
  • function operations
  • permutations, combinations and the binomial theorem

Prerequisite: Successful completion of Pre-calculus 11.
Pre-calculus 11 must be taken and successfully completed prior to starting Pre-calculus 12.
Therefore, these courses are to be taken consecutively, not concurrently, and the order may not be reversed.

Calculus 12

Advanced 1.0 Credit

This course is designed for students who wish to build a deeper foundation in calculus (beyond that given in PreCalculus Mathematics 12). The concepts of a limit, derivative, definite integral and indefinite integral will be developed numerically, verbally, graphically and algebraically using applications. Students will examine the fundamental properties of derivatives and explore derivatives of polynomial, rational, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. The use of area under the curve to approximate distance (as a product of time and variable speed) will evolve into the study of The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. Applications will include displacement, velocity, acceleration, exponential and logistic population growth, area between curves, volumes of solids, length of curves and surface area. Throughout the course, the development of and connections between concepts will be emphasized through multiple representations and real-world contextual situations.

Prerequisite: Successful completion of Pre-calculus